The Chewa, also known as the Chewa or Chichewa is an African culture that has existed since the beginning of the first millennium, A.D. They are primarily located in Zambia
Vieille Femme Mushi (Kivu), Congo Belge. Leonard A. Lauder Archive Postcard Archive—Gift of Leonard A. Lauder [Old Mushi (Shi) woman from Kivu smoking]
Women from the Tuku (Bakutu) tribe of the Mongo ethnic group. By C. Lamote from ‘Office de l 'information du Congo Belge’, 1958. Province: Equateur region: Tshuapa, Zone: Boende
Amadi woman with traditional hair called Edamburu, Okondo’s Village, Belgian Congo by Lang-Chapin [ Before she cut off her hair]. This hairstyle is also a traditional Mangbetu hairstyle.
Tribes like the Amadi…though not completely assimilated (during the Belgian Congo) have nevertheless been greatly influenced, politically and culturally by the Azande. [Political Awakening in the Belgian Congo By René Lemarchand] and the Azande and Mangbetu have a lot of cultural similarities.
She cut her hair off and sold it to the Europeans
Sticks used for arranging the braided string over the hair. Not all women use it. I took a photograph of NENSIMA with the sticks in use. After they arrive with the string above the forehead they push these sticks underneath the partly finished portion and then they continue the process with much less trouble. There is another string used behind; the braided string does not lay about the hair in circles, but when reaching the back the braided string is folded and carried forward. The string behind is drawn between the fold, there is a slight distance left behind between the braided string that allows at the withdrawal of the stick to tie up the braided string by simply pulling it downward. See photograph. Nearly every day the hair is newly arranged by simply laying with a needle one round near the other. Indeed in a well made hairdress not a single hair is sticking out between the different braided strings. The women are naturally very proud of their hairdress and it is only with great difficulties that permission is obtained to cut the hair off [Basically this hair style involves weaving hair]
The hairstyle from Mangbetu women